Supreme Court Finds Uber Drivers are Workers

Published February 22 2021

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In a landmark ruling, the UK Supreme Court has rendered its decision regarding the employment status of Uber drivers. This pivotal legal development bears significant consequences for both employers and gig economy workers. In this comprehensive guide, we will dissect the Supreme Court’s decision, and its ramifications for employers, and provide guidance on compliance in light of this ruling.

Understanding the Supreme Court Ruling

Legal Background

To comprehend the significance of the Supreme Court’s decision, it is essential to grasp the legal framework surrounding employment status in the United Kingdom. Employment status has long been a contentious issue, with implications for worker rights, benefits, and the broader gig economy landscape. This backdrop is crucial in understanding the importance of the Uber case.

The Uber case, among others, emerged in the context of the gig economy, where many workers are classified as independent contractors rather than employees or workers. Independent contractors typically have fewer employment rights and protections, which has sparked legal battles and debates.

The Supreme Court’s Decision

In February 2021, the UK Supreme Court delivered a judgment in the case of Uber BV and others (Appellants) v Aslam and others (Respondents), a case that had been closely watched due to its potential to reshape the gig economy’s employment landscape. The key points of the Supreme Court’s ruling are as follows:

Uber drivers have been classified as “workers” and not as independent contractors. This classification has profound implications for both Uber and the broader gig economy sector.

The Court’s ruling was based on the fact that Uber drivers do not operate as independent entrepreneurs but rather work under significant control exercised by Uber. As a result, they are entitled to certain employment rights and benefits.

Implications for Employers

The Definition of “Worker”:

The classification of Uber drivers as “workers” holds specific legal significance. A worker, in UK employment law, is an intermediate category between an employee and an independent contractor. To be classified as a worker, an individual must meet certain criteria:

  1. They must perform services personally, meaning they cannot send a substitute to do their work.
  2. There must be a mutual obligation between the worker and the employer to provide and accept work.

While workers have fewer rights than employees, they are entitled to essential employment rights such as the minimum wage, holiday pay, and rest breaks.

Employment Rights for Workers

The Supreme Court’s decision means that Uber drivers, and potentially other gig economy workers with similar arrangements, are entitled to a range of employment rights and benefits, including:

  1. Minimum Wage: Workers are now entitled to receive at least the minimum wage for every hour worked, including waiting time between trips.
  2. Holiday Pay: Workers have the right to paid annual leave, which is calculated based on their average earnings.
  3. Rest Breaks: Workers are entitled to rest breaks and maximum working hours in accordance with UK employment law.
  4. Pension Contributions: Employers may be required to make pension contributions for eligible workers.

Compliance with the Supreme Court Ruling

Reviewing Your Workforce

In light of the Supreme Court’s ruling, it is prudent for employers, especially those operating in the gig economy or with similar working arrangements, to review their workforce and employment arrangements. This review should include:

  • Examining existing contracts and working arrangements to determine whether workers have been correctly classified.
  • Assessing the level of control and autonomy workers have over their work is a key factor in determining employment status.
  • Seeking legal counsel or HR expertise to ensure compliance with the law and rectify any misclassifications.

Updating Contracts and Policies:

Employers should consider revising employment contracts and policies to align them with the new legal landscape. This may include:

  • Updating contracts to accurately reflect the employment status of workers.
  • Ensuring that workers are informed of their rights and entitlements as “workers.”
  • Implementing payroll systems that calculate and provide minimum wage and holiday pay as required by law.

The Gig Economy and Its Future

The Supreme Court’s decision has far-reaching consequences for the gig economy as a whole. Employers operating in this sector will need to reevaluate their business models and employment practices to comply with the new legal framework. The ruling could trigger a wave of similar legal challenges by gig economy workers seeking to assert their rights. Employers should be prepared for potential litigation.

The UK government may consider legislative changes to clarify employment status in the gig economy further. Employers should stay informed about potential legal developments and be prepared to adapt to new regulations.


What does the Supreme Court’s decision mean for my business?

The Supreme Court’s decision means that if your business employs workers in a manner similar to Uber drivers, they may be classified as “workers” and entitled to certain employment rights and benefits. This includes the minimum wage, holiday pay, and rest breaks.

How do I determine if my workers fall under the “worker” category?

To determine if your workers are classified as “workers,” you should assess the nature of their working arrangements. Specifically, consider whether they perform services personally, whether there is a mutual obligation to provide and accept work, and the level of control your business exercises over their work.

What steps should I take to ensure compliance with the ruling?

To ensure compliance, you should review your workforce and contracts, seek legal counsel or HR expertise, update contracts and policies, and implement payroll systems that calculate and provide minimum wage and holiday pay as required by law.

Can I still hire independent contractors in light of this ruling?

Yes, you can still hire independent contractors, but it’s crucial to ensure that their working arrangements meet the criteria for independent contractor status. They should have a higher degree of autonomy and control over their work, and their contracts should reflect this.

Are there any tax implications for employers in this context?

The tax implications of the Supreme Court’s decision can vary depending on individual circumstances. Employers should consult with tax professionals or accountants to ensure compliance with tax obligations related to employment status.


In conclusion, the UK Supreme Court’s decision to classify Uber drivers as “workers” carries significant implications for both employers and the gig economy. It highlights the importance of correctly classifying workers, ensuring compliance with employment laws, and protecting the rights of gig economy workers.

Employers should take proactive steps to review their workforce, update contracts and policies, and seek legal guidance to ensure compliance with the law. While this ruling represents a significant shift in the gig economy landscape, it also underscores the importance of fair treatment and employment rights for all workers. Adapting to these changes will not only benefit workers but also contribute to a more equitable and sustainable gig economy. 

For more advice and resources please contact a member of our expert professional team.