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Navigating Time Off for Dependant Care Leave

In the realm of employment law, understanding the intricacies of time off for dependant care leave is crucial for employers. At Kingfisher Professional Services, our experts help employers who need to complement the resources of their in-house team or who have no HR resources available. In this article, we will provide a clear and concise overview of time off for dependant care leave, focusing on key aspects to ensure employers are well-informed and compliant.

Time off for Dependents

Time off for dependants is a statutory right that allows employees to take leave from work to address certain emergencies involving their dependants. It is essential to note that there is no minimum length of service required for employees to exercise this right.

Time off for dependant care leave empowers employees to request leave from work in situations involving specific emergencies concerning their dependants. This provision serves as a safeguard, recognising the importance of an employee’s role beyond the workplace. It acknowledges that employees may encounter unforeseen circumstances related to their dependants, necessitating their absence from work to fulfil familial responsibilities.

Employees are entitled to take a reasonable amount of time off for dependant care leave in various scenarios. These encompass instances where they must:

  1. Provide Assistance During Dependant Emergencies: When a dependant falls ill, gives birth, sustains an injury, or becomes a victim of assault, employees can request time off to offer support and care.
  2. Facilitate Care Arrangements: In situations where a dependant requires care due to illness or injury, employees can take time off to make the necessary care arrangements.
  3. Respond to Dependant’s Death: In the unfortunate event of a dependant’s demise, employees are entitled to time off to address the aftermath and necessary arrangements.
  4. Navigate Unexpected Disruptions: In cases involving abrupt disruption, termination, or breakdown of care arrangements for a dependant, employees can seek time off to manage the resulting challenges. This may include situations such as the closure of a childcare facility.
  5. Handle School-Related Incidents: Employees can also request dependant care leave to manage unexpected incidents involving their child while at school or another educational establishment responsible for their well-being.

Employers must acknowledge that these situations encompass the essence of family support and care, emphasising the need for flexibility in the workplace. As an employer, recognising the legal framework surrounding Time Off for Dependant Care Leave is vital. This creates a compassionate and legally compliant work environment, where employees can confidently fulfil their familial obligations without the fear of repercussions.

Who is a Dependant?

Employers need to understand what is classed as a dependent, to ensure employees are taking appropriate leave. The law states a dependant is defined as:

  • The employee’s spouse
  • The employee’s civil partner
  • Their parent
  • Their child
  • A person living in the same household as the employee

Additionally, the definition of a dependant includes those who reasonably rely on the employee for assistance, arrangements, or care. Other relatives, friends or unrelated children who live in the employee’s home as a family are also considered dependants. Including grandparents or another relative who live in the family home as well as unmarried or same-sex partners who live together. 

However, someone in a commercial relationship with the employee, such as a lodger or tenant doesn’t usually count as a dependent.

Situations that Qualify for Time Off

Understanding which situations qualify for time off is crucial for employers. Employees may take time off for dependant care in emergencies and disruptions related to their dependants’ well-being or care arrangements.

Examples of emergencies include:

  • The illness or injury of a dependant.
  • The death of a dependant.
  • The failure of the usual carer to arrive for work leaves the employee as the only person who can help.
  • An incident with their child at school that needs their immediate attention.
  • When a dependant gives birth to a child.

Furthermore, employees can also request time off to make arrangements related to the emergency such as:

  • Organising and attending a dependant’s funeral.
  • Arranging care for an injured or ill dependant.

Situations that Do Not Qualify for Time Off

It’s essential to recognise that not all situations warrant time off for dependant care. This leave is intended for specific emergencies and disruptions and should not be misused for non-qualifying situations.

There are some situations in which employers do not have to give employees time off, these include things like: 

  • Dealing with emergencies involving the employee’s home. Emergencies such as fire, flooding, burglary or a broken boiler within the employee’s property.
  • Taking dependants to planned medical appointments.
  • Dealing with the illness or injury of a pet.
  • Personal crises. Things such as relationship problems, breakdown of friendships, family stress or moving house.

While employers do not have to allow time off for these situations, many will still allow employees to stay away from work, or authorise flexible working to allow them time to deal with the issue. 

How to Deal with Employees Who Might Require Time Off for Dependents?

Managing employees who need time off for dependant care involves a few key steps:

  1. Communication: Employees should promptly inform their employer of their absence and provide an estimated duration of their absence.
  2. Documentation: Employers should maintain records of the employee’s request for dependant care leave, including the reason for the absence and expected return date.
  3. Review and Accommodate: Employers should assess each case individually, considering the nature and urgency of the situation. Accommodating reasonable requests is crucial.
  4. Pay: Employers do not have a statutory right to pay for dependant care leave. However, employers should check their employment contracts and workplace practices regarding payment for this type of leave.
  5. Protection from Dismissal: Employers must remember that dismissing an employee in connection with this right is automatically unfair, regardless of the employee’s length of service. Detrimental actions, such as disciplinary measures, are also prohibited concerning dependant care leave.


In conclusion, understanding and complying with time off for dependant care leave is essential for employers. By adhering to the statutory guidelines and protecting employee rights, businesses can effectively manage this aspect of employment law while ensuring the well-being of their workforce.

If you have any questions regarding employees taking time off for dependant care leave or you would like assistance with any employment law matter, please don’t hesitate to contact Kingfisher Professional Services as we are here to help.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can employees take time off for dependant care without prior notice?

Yes, due to the emergency nature of this leave, advance notice is not required. Employees should inform their employer as soon as reasonably practicable.

Is dependant care leave a paid benefit?

An employer might choose to pay their employees for this type of leave but they do not have to.

Can an employee be dismissed for taking time off for dependant care leave?

No, such dismissals are automatically unfair, and there is no minimum length of service required for an employee to file a complaint.

How long is reasonable time off for dependant care?

Reasonable time off is typically one or two days per specific problem. However, each situation should be considered individually.

Should employers request proof or verification for dependant care leave?

Employers have the right to request evidence if deemed necessary. Employees may provide documentation such as a medical certificate or other relevant proof.


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