Understanding Employment Tribunal Costs For Employers

Published March 30 2022

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In today’s corporate landscape, the spectre of employment tribunal claims looms large over businesses. Employers must navigate the complex terrain of employment law to protect their interests and, often, their finances. The cost of losing an employment tribunal claim can be a substantial burden for any organisation. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the intricacies of employment tribunal costs for employers, addressing key aspects, potential expenses, and strategies to mitigate these costs effectively.

Employment tribunal claims pose a significant financial risk for employers, often causing stress and uncertainty within an organisation. In recent years, the cost of losing an employment tribunal claim has risen, making it crucial for employers to comprehend the potential expenses and strategies for managing them.

Understanding Employment Tribunal Costs

Employment tribunal costs for employers encompass various elements that can significantly impact a company’s financial health. These costs may include:

  • Compensation awards: If the tribunal rules in favour of the employee, employers may be required to pay compensation for various claims, such as unfair dismissal, discrimination, or wrongful termination.
  • Legal fees: Engaging legal representation is often essential in defending against tribunal claims. Legal fees can escalate rapidly, especially in complex cases.
  • Witness costs: Employers may need to cover expenses related to witnesses, such as their travel and accommodation costs.
  • Settlement costs: If an employer decides to settle a claim before it reaches the tribunal, there may be costs associated with negotiation and settlement agreements.

Factors Contributing to Tribunal Costs

Several factors contribute to the escalating costs of employment tribunal claims for employers:

  1. Complexity of the case: The more complex the case, the higher the legal fees and time required to defend it.
  2. Duration of the tribunal process: Tribunal claims can drag on for months, even years, increasing legal fees and causing prolonged disruption to the business.
  3. Failure to settle: Protracted legal battles are costly. Failing to explore settlement options early in the process can lead to higher expenses.

Preventing Tribunal Costs

Preventing employment tribunal costs is the most effective way to protect your business. Here are some key strategies:

Robust HR Practices

Implement strong HR policies and procedures to minimise the risk of claims in the first place. This includes providing clear job descriptions, conducting regular performance reviews, and addressing issues promptly.

Effective Dispute Resolution

Establish effective dispute resolution mechanisms within your organisation, like internal grievance procedures, to resolve issues before they escalate.


Maintain thorough and accurate records of employee performance, disciplinary actions, and communication. This documentation can be invaluable in defending against claims.

Legal Advice

Seek legal advice when making significant employment decisions, especially terminations. This can help ensure you are acting within the bounds of the law.

Handling A Tribunal Claim

If your business is faced with an employment tribunal claim, it’s essential to approach it strategically:

  • Review the claim: Thoroughly assess the claim and gather all relevant documentation.
  • Seek legal counsel: Consult with an experienced employment law attorney to evaluate your options and develop a defence strategy.
  • Engage in Conciliation: Consider Early Conciliation with ACAS as an alternative to a full tribunal hearing. It can be a quicker and less costly way to resolve the dispute.
  • Prepare for the hearing: If mediation fails, prepare diligently for the tribunal hearing. This includes compiling evidence, identifying witnesses, and developing a strong legal argument.

Mitigating Costs Through Settlement

Settlement can be a viable option for both parties involved in an employment tribunal claim. It can significantly reduce the financial and emotional burden associated with litigation. Key steps to consider:

  1. Negotiate early: Don’t wait until the tribunal date is looming. Begin settlement negotiations as soon as possible.
  2. Conciliation: Engage in conciliation to facilitate a mutually agreeable resolution. This can often result in a faster and less costly outcome.
  3. Settlement agreement: Work with legal counsel to draft a comprehensive settlement agreement or an agreement via ACAS that protects your business’s interests.

The Importance Of Legal Counsel

Employment tribunal claims are legally complex and can be emotionally charged. Seeking legal representation is critical for several reasons:


Employment lawyers and Barristers are well-versed in employment law and can navigate the complexities of tribunal claims.

Strategic Guidance

Lawyers and Barristers can provide strategic advice on whether to settle, negotiate, or proceed to a tribunal hearing.

Reducing Risk

Legal representation reduces the risk of costly mistakes that could harm your case.

Peace Of Mind

Knowing you have competent legal counsel can alleviate stress during what can be a challenging process.


In conclusion, understanding employment tribunal costs for employers is crucial in today’s corporate environment. Employers must proactively manage the risks associated with tribunal claims by implementing strong HR practices, seeking legal counsel when necessary, and considering settlement options. By taking these steps, businesses can protect their interests and mitigate the potentially significant financial impact of employment tribunal claims.

If you are looking for more tribunal support & guidance and would like to speak with a member of our expert professional team, please give us a call at 0333 996 0666 or head to our website to learn more.


What are the typical costs associated with losing an employment tribunal claim? 

Typical costs include compensation awards, legal fees, witness expenses, tribunal fees (where applicable), and settlement costs. The exact expenses depend on the complexity and duration of the case. Be aware that compensation awards can vary significantly, from relatively small amounts to substantial sums, depending on the nature of the claim and the circumstances involved.

What is Early Conciliation with ACAS, and how can it benefit my business in an employment tribunal claim?

Early Conciliation with ACAS is a valuable process that can help your business in the early stages of an employment tribunal claim. It involves engaging with the Advisory, Conciliation, and Arbitration Service (ACAS) to facilitate a resolution before proceeding to a full tribunal hearing. ACAS acts as a neutral mediator to help both parties reach a mutually agreeable solution. This process can be quicker and less costly than going through the full tribunal process, providing a more efficient way to resolve disputes and potentially save your business time and money.

How can I minimise the risk of facing an employment tribunal claim? 

Minimise the risk by implementing robust HR practices, effective dispute resolution mechanisms, maintaining thorough documentation, and seeking legal advice when making significant employment decisions. Additionally, staying updated with changes in employment law and providing regular training to your staff on compliance can further reduce the likelihood of facing tribunal claims.

Should I consider settling before going to an employment tribunal? 

Settlement can be a cost-effective and expedient option. It’s wise to explore settlement early in the process and engage in mediation if appropriate. Remember that settlements can often result in more favourable outcomes for both parties, allowing you to resolve the matter quickly and avoid the time-consuming and costly tribunal process.

When is it advisable to seek legal representation in an employment tribunal case? 

It is advisable to seek legal representation as soon as you become aware of an employment tribunal claim. An experienced employment lawyer can guide you through the process, assess your options, and develop an effective defence strategy. Keep in mind that early legal involvement can help you make informed decisions and significantly improve your chances of a favourable resolution or defence in the tribunal case.